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CERN Yellow Report Articles

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2019-11-27
10:26
QCD under extreme conditions: an informal discussion / Fraga, Eduardo Souza (Rio de Janeiro Federal U.)
We present an informal discussion of some aspects of strong interactions under extreme conditions of temperature and density at an elementary level. This summarizes lectures delivered at the 2018 European School of High-Energy Physics and previously at CERN Physics Schools in Latin-America, and is aimed at students working in experimental high-energy physics..
2019 - 11 p. - Published in : CERN Yellow Rep. School Proc. 6 (2019) 101-111 Fulltext: PDF;
In : The 2018 European School of High-Energy Physics, Maratea, Italy, 20 Jun - 3 Jul 2018, pp.101-111 (CERN-2019-006)

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2019-11-27
10:26
Beyond the Standard Model / Allanach, B C (Cambridge U., DAMTP)
We cover some current topics in Beyond the Standard Model phenomenology, with an emphasis on collider (particularly Large Hadron Collider) phenomenology. We begin with a review of the Standard Model and some unresolved mysteries that it leaves. [...]
2019 - 32 p. - Published in : CERN Yellow Rep. School Proc. 6 (2019) 113-144 Fulltext: PDF;
In : The 2018 European School of High-Energy Physics, Maratea, Italy, 20 Jun - 3 Jul 2018, pp.113-144 (CERN-2019-006)

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2019-11-27
10:26
Practical Statistics for Particle Physicists / Prosper, Harrison B (Florida State U.)
These lectures cover the basic ideas of frequentist and Bayesian analysis and introduce the mathematical underpinnings of supervised machine learning. In order to focus on the essentials, we illustrate the ideas using two simple examples from particle physics..
2019 - 32 p. - Published in : CERN Yellow Rep. School Proc. 6 (2019) 261-292 Fulltext: PDF;
In : The 2018 European School of High-Energy Physics, Maratea, Italy, 20 Jun - 3 Jul 2018, pp.261-292 (CERN-2019-006)

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2019-11-27
10:26
Introduction to perturbative QCD / Tramontano, Francesco (INFN, Naples ; U. Naples (main))
Following a phenomenological guiding principle, in these notes I present a selection of old and recent developments in perturbative QCD and collider physics..
2019 - 58 p. - Published in : CERN Yellow Rep. School Proc. 6 (2019) 43-100 Fulltext: PDF;
In : The 2018 European School of High-Energy Physics, Maratea, Italy, 20 Jun - 3 Jul 2018, pp.43-100 (CERN-2019-006)

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2019-11-27
10:26
Introduction to cosmology and dark matter / De Simone, Andrea (SISSA, Trieste ; INFN, Trieste)
These are the lectures notes for the course on Introduction to Cosmology and Dark Matter given at the CERN European School for High Energy Physics (ESHEP) 2018. The audience consists of graduate students with particle physics background..
2019 - 34 p. - Published in : CERN Yellow Rep. School Proc. 6 (2019) 145-180 Fulltext: PDF;
In : The 2018 European School of High-Energy Physics, Maratea, Italy, 20 Jun - 3 Jul 2018, pp.145-180 (CERN-2019-006)

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2019-11-27
10:26
Neutrino physics / Pascoli, Silvia (Durham U., IPPP)
The discovery of neutrino oscillations just over 20 years ago has opened a new page in particle physics. It implies that neutrinos have masses and mix and, consequently, that the Standard Model of particle physics is incomplete. [...]
2019 - 47 p. - Published in : CERN Yellow Rep. School Proc. 6 (2019) 213-259 Fulltext: PDF;
In : The 2018 European School of High-Energy Physics, Maratea, Italy, 20 Jun - 3 Jul 2018, pp.213-259 (CERN-2019-006)

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2019-11-21
04:02
Introduction to flavour physics / Zupan, Jure (Cincinnati U.)
We give a brief introduction to flavour physics. The first part covers the flavour structure of the Standard Model, how the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism is tested and provides examples of searches for new physics using flavour observables, such as meson mixing and rare decays. [...]
arXiv:1903.05062.- 2019 - 32 p. - Published in : CERN Yellow Rep. School Proc.: 6 (2019) , pp. 181-212
Fulltext: PDF; Preprint: PDF;
In : The 2018 European School of High-Energy Physics, Maratea, Italy, 20 Jun - 3 Jul 2018, pp.181-212 (CERN-2019-006)

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2019-11-20
04:02
Quantum Field Theory and the Electroweak Standard Model / Bednyakov, Alexander (Dubna, JINR)
These lecture notes cover the basics of Quantum Field Theory (QFT) and peculiarities in the construction of the Electroweak (EW) sector of the Standard Model (SM). In addition, the present status, issues, and prospects of the SM are discussed..
arXiv:1812.10675.- 2019 - 41 p. - Published in : CERN Yellow Rep. School Proc. 6 (2019) 1-41 Fulltext: 934-4084-1-PB (1) - PDF; 1812.10675 - PDF;
In : The 2018 European School of High-Energy Physics, Maratea, Italy, 20 Jun - 3 Jul 2018, pp.1-41 (CERN-2019-006)

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2019-10-21
13:29
Simulation Tools for Heavy-Ion Tracking and Collimation / Hermes, P.D. (CERN) ; Bruce, R. (CERN) ; Cerutti, F. (CERN) ; Ferrari, A. (CERN) ; Jowett, J.M. (CERN) ; Lechner, A. (CERN) ; Mereghetti, A. (CERN) ; Mirarchi, D. (CERN) ; Ortega, P.G. (CERN) ; Redaelli, S. (CERN) et al.
The LHC collimation system, which protects the LHC hardware from undesired beam loss, is less efficient with heavy-ion beams than with proton beams due to fragmentation into other nuclides inside the LHC collimators. Reliable simulation tools are required to estimate critical losses of particles scattered out of the collimation system which may quench the superconducting LHC magnets. [...]
2018 - 17 p. Fulltext: PDF;
In : ICFA Mini-Workshop on Tracking for Collimation in Particle Accelerators, CERN, Geneva, Switzerland, 30 Oct 2015, pp.73 (CERN-2018-011-CP)

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2019-10-21
12:57
FLUKA-SIXTRACK Coupling for the SPS Scrapers / Appleby, R.B. (UniMAN) ; Cerutti, F. (CERN) ; Mereghetti, A. (CERN)
Recently, the FLUKA–SIXTRACK coupling has been set up to simulate with great detail the performance of cleaning systems in circular, ultra-relativistic accelerators. In a coupled simulation, the two codes run simultaneously while exchanging particle information; SIXTRACK tracks the beam through the accelerator lattice, whereas FLUKA simulates the interaction of the tracked beam with intercepting devices. [...]
2018 - 13 p. Fulltext: PDF;
In : ICFA Mini-Workshop on Tracking for Collimation in Particle Accelerators, CERN, Geneva, Switzerland, 30 Oct 2015, pp.205 (CERN-2018-011-CP)

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