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CERN Yellow Report Articles

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2021-06-24
06:16
Flavour dynamics and violations of the CP symmetry / Pich, A (Valencia U., IFIC)
An overview of flavour physics and CP-violating phenomena is presented. The Standard Model quark-mixing mechanism is discussed in detail and its many successful experimental tests are summarized. [...]
2021 - 42 p. - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2021-002.95 Fulltext: PDF;
In : Proceedings of the 2019 CERN–Latin-American School of High-Energy Physics, pp.95-136

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2021-06-23
06:01
Experimental facilities in Latin America / Dib, C O (CCTVal, Valparaiso ; Valparaiso Ctr. Sci. Tech.)
These lecture notes briefly describe the current and planned experimental facilities for high-energy physics research in Latin America. The list is not exhaustive nor the descriptions are complete, but I tried to select some of the most representative facilities and large international experiments at the time. [...]
2021 - 27 p. - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2021-002.193 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 2019 CERN-Latin-American School of High-Energy Physics, Villa General Belgrano, Argentina, 13 - 26 March, 2019, pp.193-219 (CERN-2021-002)

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2021-06-18
06:16
Simulating radiation effects and signal response in silicon sensors / Bomben, M (ed.) (Paris U., VI-VII) ; Sonneveld, J (ed.) (Nikhef, Amsterdam) ; Benoit, M (RIKEN BNL) ; Chabert, E (Strasbourg, IPHC) ; Lari, T (INFN, Milan) ; Llorente Merino, J (Simon Fraser U.) ; Nachman, B (LBNL, Berkeley) ; Rossini, L (INFN, Milan ; Milan U.) ; Sabatini, P (Valencia U., IFIC) ; Suarez, C (Johns Hopkins U.) et al.
Simulating the effects of radiation on signal response in silicon sensors is crucial for accurately predicting detector performance throughout the lifetime of the experiment. This, in turn, improves the reconstruction accuracy of proton–proton collisions and helps maintain the experiment’s physics reach. [...]
2021 - 23 p. - Published in : 10.23731/CYRM-2021-001.123 Fulltext: 123.PDF;
In : Radiation effects in the LHC experiments: Impact on detector performance and operation, pp.123-145

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2021-06-18
06:16
Impact of radiation on electronics and opto-electronics / Bindi, M (ed.) (Gottingen U.) ; Butz, E (ed.) (KIT, Karlsruhe) ; Backhaus, M (ETH, Zurich (main)) ; Butti, P (SLAC) ; Chabert, E (Strasbourg, IPHC) ; Chen, S (Pennsylvania U.) ; Dickinson, J (Fermilab) ; Erdmann, W (PSI, Villigen) ; Pascual, J Garcia (Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.) ; Gerosa, R (UC, San Diego) et al.
In this chapter we will present the results of the impact of radiation on electronics and opto-electronics for two of the LHC experiments during Run 1 and Run 2. ATLAS results are presented in Section 6.1; CMS in Section 6.2. [...]
2021 - 35 p. - Published in : 10.23731/CYRM-2021-001.87 Fulltext: PDF;
In : Radiation effects in the LHC experiments: Impact on detector performance and operation, pp.87-121

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2021-06-18
06:16
Measurements of radiation damage on silicon sensors / De Cosa, A (ed.) (ETH, Zurich (main)) ; Nachman, B (ed.) (LBNL, Berkeley) ; Collins, P (ed.) (CERN) ; Agram, J L (Strasbourg, IPHC) ; Barter, W (Imperial Coll., London) ; Baselga, M (KIT, Karlsruhe) ; Battaglia, M (UC, Santa Cruz) ; Beyer, J (LMU Munich (main)) ; Borecka-Bielska, H M (U. Liverpool (main)) ; Brzhechko, D (Zurich U.) et al.
This chapter is organized as follows. Section 5.1 introduces, for each experiment, aspects of the detector set-up and measurement methods particularly relevant for the measurements. [...]
2021 - 27 p. - Published in : 10.23731/CYRM-2021-001.59 Fulltext: PDF;
In : Radiation effects in the LHC experiments: Impact on detector performance and operation, pp.59-85

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2021-06-18
06:16
Simulation of radiation environments / Alici, A (Queen Mary, U. of London (main)) ; Azhgirey, I (Serpukhov, IHEP) ; Dawson, I (Queen Mary, U. of London (main)) ; Huhtinen, M (CERN) ; Ivantchenko, V (Tomsk State U.) ; Kar, D (Witwatersrand U.) ; Karacson, M (CERN) ; Mallows, S (KIT, Karlsruhe) ; Manousos, T (CERN) ; Mandić, I (Stefan Inst., Ljubljana) et al.
Simulating radiation environments is crucial in the design phase of new hadron collider experiments or upgrades, especially when extrapolating to new centre of mass collision energies where previous experience cannot be relied on. The generation of radiation fields in the LHC experiments is dominated by proton–proton collisions, with contributions from beam-gas interactions and other machine losses. [...]
2021 - 24 p. - Published in : 10.23731/CYRM-2021-001.35 Fulltext: PDF;
In : Radiation effects in the LHC experiments: Impact on detector performance and operation, pp.35-58

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2021-06-18
06:16
The LHC machine and experiments / Alici, A (Bologna U.) ; Bomben, M (Paris U., VI-VII) ; Dawson, I (Queen Mary, U. of London) ; Sonneveld, J (Nikhef, Amsterdam)
The Large Hadron Collider is a 26.7 km circular accelerator based on a twin aperture superconducting magnet design with a design proton beam energy of 7 TeV. The four particle physics experiments ALICE, ATLAS, CMS, and LHCb are located around the ring. [...]
Geneva : CERN, 2021 - 12 p. - Published in : 10.23731/CYRM-2021-001.23 Fulltext: PDF;
In : Radiation effects in the LHC experiments: Impact on detector performance and operation, pp.23-34

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2021-06-18
06:16
Overview of radiation effects on detector systems / Dawson, I (Queen Mary, U. of London) ; Faccio, F (CERN) ; Moll, M (CERN) ; Weidberg, A (Oxford U.)
In this section we give an overview of the effects of radiation on silicon detector systems in the LHC experiments. We divide the sections into: sensors; electronics; optoelectronics; services. [...]
2021 - 19 p. - Published in : 10.23731/CYRM-2021-001.3 Fulltext: 3.PDF;
In : Radiation effects in the LHC experiments: Impact on detector performance and operation, pp.3-21

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2021-06-11
04:17
Heavy-ion physics: freedom to do hot, dense, exciting QCD / Tejeda-Yeomans, Maria Elena (Colima U.)
In these two lectures I review the basics of heavy-ion collisions at relativistic energies and the physics we can do with them. I aim to cover the basics on the kinematics and observables in heavy-ion collider experiments, the basics on the phenomenology of the nuclear matter phase diagram, some of the model building and simulations currently used in the heavy-ion physics community and a selected list of amazing phenomenological discoveries and predictions..
arXiv:2004.13812.- 2021-05-31 - 24 p. - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2021-002.137 Fulltext: PDF;
In : Proceedings of the 2019 CERN–Latin-American School of High-Energy Physics, pp.137

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2021-06-08
04:00
LHC Highlights and Prospects / Gerber, Cecilia E. (Illinois U., Chicago)
These lectures were presented at the 2019 CERN Latin-American School of High Energy Physics. They were centered on the experimental methods used in hadron colliders to advance our understanding in the field of high energy particle physics. [...]
arXiv:1909.10919.- 2021-05-31 - 38 p. - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2021-002.161 Fulltext: PDF;
In : Proceedings of the 2019 CERN–Latin-American School of High-Energy Physics, pp.161

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