CERN Accelerating science

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2021-09-17
09:15
The physics and technology of the Future Circular Collider / Benedikt, Michael (CERN) ; Zimmermann, Frank (CERN)
Michael Benedikt and Frank Zimmermann describe the Future Circular Collider, a proposed collider-based research infrastructure that can be realized in successive steps..
2019 - 3 p. - Published in : Nature Reviews Physics 1 (2019) 238-240 External link: FCC Conceptual Design Report volumes 1–4

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2021-09-17
09:02
Higgs sector: What we would like to know / Petrucciani, Giovanni (CERN) /ATLAS Collaboration ; CMS Collaboration
Some key properties of the Higgs boson, such as its mass and couplings to electroweak bosons and third-generation fermions have by now been well established with multiple measurements by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations. This note will instead review the status of the current "unknowns": the Higgs boson self-coupling, and Higgs boson rare and exotic decays, including those to second-generation fermions or to new light scalars..
2021 - 6 p. - Published in : PoS LHCP2020 (2020) 161 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 8th Conference of Large Hadron Collider Physics (LHCP), Online, 25 - 30 May 2020, pp.161

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2021-09-16
04:27
Progress in the Glauber model at collider energies / d'Enterria, David (CERN) ; Loizides, Constantin (Oak Ridge)
We review the theoretical and experimental progress in the Glauber model of multiple nucleon and/or parton scatterings, after the last 10--15 years of operation with proton and nuclear beams at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and with various light and heavy colliding ions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The main developments and the state-of-the-art of the field are summarized. [...]
arXiv:2011.14909.- 2020-11-26 - 37 p. - Published in : Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 71 (2021) 315-44

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2021-09-15
09:56
TDPAC Studies of Local Defects and Phenomena in Ferroics and Multiferroics / Schell, Juliana (CERN ; Duisburg-Essen U.) ; Marschick, Georg (CERN ; TU Vienna)
We provide an overview of time-differential perturbed angular correlation (TDPAC) measurements of ferroic and multiferroic materials. Here, we explore chalcogenide spinels, lead titanate, lead zirconate, and bismuth ferrite, describing the use of TDPAC experiments to probe the physics of localized defects and the various mechanisms that govern electronic and magnetic interactions, the coupling of the associated degrees of freedom, and the structural, charge, and orbital correlations for these materials..
2019 - 13 p. - Published in : Crystals 9 (2019) 611

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2021-09-15
09:56
Soft-QCD and diffractive processes in ATLAS / Bussey, Peter John (Glasgow U.) /ATLAS Collaboration
Recent results on soft QCD and diffractive processes in proton–proton collisions are presented, obtained using the ATLAS detector at the LHC and including measurements with the ALFA forward detector. A report on the AFP forward detector system is also given..
SISSA, 2021 - 4 p. - Published in : PoS LHCP2020 (2021) 148 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 8th Conference of Large Hadron Collider Physics (LHCP), Online, 25 - 30 May 2020, pp.148

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2021-09-15
09:56
Recent results on collectivity in small systems from ALICE / Khabanova, Zhanna (Nikhef, Amsterdam) /ALICE Collaboration
Recent measurements performed at the LHC have revealed an unexpected presence of the near-side ridge and other signs of collectivity in p-Pb and pp collisions, referred to as small systems. Since in heavy-ion collisions these effects are caused by the formation and collective expansion of a quark-gluon plasma (QGP), such observations in small systems have triggered the ongoing debate about their origin. [...]
SISSA, 2021 - 6 p. - Published in : PoS LHCP2020 (2021) 039 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 8th Conference of Large Hadron Collider Physics (LHCP), Online, 25 - 30 May 2020, pp.039

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2021-09-15
04:44
Vertexing detectors and vertexing performance in Run 2 in ALICE / Faggin, Mattia (INFN, Padua ; Padua U.) /ALICE Collaboration
The ALICE apparatus includes an Inner Tracking System for high-precision vertexing and tracking at midrapidity. Thanks to this detector, remarkable results were obtained with Run 2 data in all collision systems studied at the LHC. [...]
arXiv:2008.13530.- SISSA, 2021-01-11 - 4 p. - Published in : PoS LHCP2020 (2021) 042 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 8th Conference of Large Hadron Collider Physics (LHCP), Online, 25 - 30 May 2020, pp.042

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2021-09-14
15:26
The Forward Search Experiment / Wang, Di (Tsinghua U., Beijing) ; Dozen, Candan (Tsinghua U., Beijing) ; Chen, Xin (Tsinghua U., Beijing) ; Hu, Zhen (Tsinghua U., Beijing)
Although the Standard Model successfully explains most phenomena at the LHC, there are several outstanding questions, including the nature of dark matter, the origin of neutrino masses, and the asymmetry in matter and anti-matter abundances in the Universe. Located in the side tunnel TI12, the Forward Search Experiment (FASER) will search for highly displaced signals from light and extremely weakly interacting particles that can be copiously produced in proton-proton collisions at the LHC. [...]
2021 - Published in : PoS LHCP2020 (2021) 252 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 8th Conference of Large Hadron Collider Physics (LHCP), Online, 25 - 30 May 2020, pp.252

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2021-09-14
07:32
Design, construction, and testing of no-insulation small subscale solenoids for compact tokamaks / Zhai, Yuhu (Princeton U., Plasma Physics Lab.) ; Berlinger, Bruce (Princeton U., Plasma Physics Lab.) ; Barth, Christian (CERN) ; Senatore, Carmine (Geneva U.)
Fusion energy systems studies (FESS) for next-step devices based on the most promising magnetic configurations indicate that high magnetic fields and high current density for magnet coil systems may reduce device size and lower the cost. High current density and radiation resistant fusion magnets are particularly beneficial for low cost, low aspect ratio compact reactor designs such as Fusion Nuclear Science Facility (FNSF), Fusion Pilot Plant (FPP) of low-aspect ratio spherical tokamak (ST) or compact stellarators. [...]
2021 - 11 p. - Published in : Supercond. Sci. Technol. 34 (2021) 105003

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2021-09-14
07:32
Measurements of the Higgs Boson Properties at the ATLAS Experiment / Biglietti, M (INFN, Rome3) /ATLAS Collaboration
Measurements sensitive to the Higgs boson production and decay performed at the Large Hadron Collider by the ATLAS experiment are reviewed. They are based on the analyses of 13 TeV proton-proton collision data collected between 2015 and 2017, corresponding to integrated luminosities ranging from 36 to 80 fb$^{−1}$. [...]
2020 - 6 p. - Published in : J. Phys. : Conf. Ser. 1586 (2020) 012028 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 6th Symposium on Prospects in the Physics of Discrete Symmetries, Vienna, Austria, 26 - 30 Nov 2018, pp.012028

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